The first step that we are going to take, before entering fully into the determination of the meaning of the term motherboard, is to make clear the etymological origin of the two words that make it up:
-Plate derives from French, exactly from "plaque" and this in turn from the Dutch "placken", which can be translated as "patching".
-Mother emanates from Latin, from "mater", which means "mother."
The notion of license plate It is used in multiple ways. It can be a table or sheet that exhibits data or that makes it possible to fulfill certain functions. Mother , on the other hand, is a woman or a female has given birth or that fulfills a role similar to the one who gave birth.
In the field of computing , is known as motherboard to the card that gathers those printed circuits that allow interconnecting the various elements that make up a computer .
The motherboard or base is, therefore, the fundamental "organ" that any computer needs to function, since it contains the basic components.
Currently we can say that there are two large groups of motherboards: those that are created to be part of AMD computers and those that are for computers with the Intel system.
The motherboard, which can be called motherboard or motherboard (in English), it is installed on a sheet and has multiple sockets and connectors that allow you to establish the corresponding links between the elements. A plate is integrated into the plate firmware known as BIOS It starts working next to the computer power up and provides the basic instructions to the hardware, in addition to loading the operating system.
In the motherboard we can also find the spaces for the installation of the RAM memories and the microprocessor . It also has a set of circuits known as chipset , of various connectors that allow the supply of electricity to the components and of several ports for the connection of peripherals .
Another important element of the motherboard is the CMOS memory , which is responsible for storing the date, time and initial configuration of the computer when the machine is turned off and, therefore, does not receive power from the current. The CMOS works with a battery which allows you to keep running constantly.
All this without forgetting that in any plate of this type the known buses play a fundamental role. We can say that these are spaces whose main function is to carry out what is the transport of energy and information among the other components of the device.
In this sense, we have to expose that there are five main types of buses that exist:
-Bus of the system, it is the most important bus since it depends on it that all the components of the motherboard are interconnected.
- Address bus, which is responsible for transporting information related to aspects such as memory.
-Data bus, which is what makes the data referring to the microprocessor travel.
-Bus control, which proceeds to control everything that is the information related to peripherals and the central unit.
-Bus expansion, which works with the above mentioned buses.