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The concept of prefecture has been used historically to name a type of division or administration of the territory . The prefecture, in this sense, is a region governed by a prefect . The term is also used to name the job and the prefect's office.

It could be said, following this meaning, that a prefecture is a territorial entity Like a city or a province. The characteristics of the prefecture and its form of government depend on the State of which they are part.

Japan , for example, can be divided into 47 prefectures . Said administrative division was imposed in 1871 when the system Han It was abolished. In principle there were about three hundred prefectures that, with the weather , they merged until they reached 47 today, some of which are Hokkaido, Miyagi, Fukishima, Saitama, Chiba, Shizuoka, Nagano and Tokyo.

In Argentina , the prefecture is a security force . The full name of this force that depends on Ministry of National Security is Argentina Naval Prefecture , also known by its acronym (PNA ).

The PNA is responsible for guarding the Argentine sea and navigable waterways that are within the territory (such as rivers and lakes). It has police power and has the mission of providing security to those who navigate and protect the territory.

This force is responsible for preventing and preventing illegal activities of fishing and the illicit traffic of merchandise that is carried out by water. For this it has a body of about 28,900 agents and an infrastructure that includes its own boats, helicopters and airplanes.

France has 101 prefectures, although in their case they represent the city capital of each department, one of its governing bodies and even the building that houses it. It is worth mentioning that in this context the word prefecture is also used as a synonym for district capital, which in French corresponds to Chef-lieu.

The French prefects are officials pubic that represent the State in a region or department. Its task is to direct the administrative district and delegate its powers to the sub-prefect, whose official title is Secretary General of the Prefecture. The other sub-prefects, meanwhile, are in charge of the direction of the rest of the districts, and they do so from subprefecture or from the capital of the district.

The title of a French prefect always includes both the name of the region like that of the department, which doubles, as if it had two charges; for example, "Prefect of the Department of Lower Savoy, Prefect of the Rhone-Alpes Region". The French prefectures also dominate maritime activities and monitor the limits of regional powers.

In ancient Rome, Emperor Caesar Augustus created the praetorian prefecture as a kind of private force that could accompany Roman generals in their campaigns. He military who was in charge of the Praetorian Guard was the Prefect of the Praetorium , a man in whom the emperor placed all his trust and who should not comply with orders from other high-ranking military officers, but should take charge of the direction of his Guard as an elite force.

The Roman prefect was installed where the emperor was and traveled with him followed by six cohorts (army tactical units that could be composed in various ways). Over time, his power grew to the point of becoming the highest judicial authority in the city, where he administered justice with complete autonomy. There were three other prefects in the organization of the Roman Empire, which were the urbi, he of the vigiles and the of the custard apple.

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