Prevention refers to the action and effect of preventing . The concept, therefore, makes it possible to name the preparation of something in advance for a certain purpose, to foresee a damage or to anticipate a difficulty, among other meanings.
Risk, on the other hand, has its farthest etymological origin in the Arabic word rizq, what does it mean "What providence provides" . The term is linked to the proximity of possible damage and to the vulnerability that it produces in those who will perceive it.
These definitions allow us to understand that the concept of risks prevention can be associated with preparation of some defensive measure to anticipate and minimize damage that may occur . In other words: before a situation or activity that is inherently risky by its own characteristics, the people they take certain precautions in case the risk materializes and becomes a danger to their integrity .
Risk prevention is very important in the job , especially in those activities that imply a greater possibility of damage for the worker (such as construction, mining or the chemical industry, for example).
The objective of this type of prevention is reduce accidents at work and minimize damage in case they occur . The prevention of risks, therefore, includes a certain organizational system of the activity and the use of appropriate uniforms to protect the health of the worker (helmet, fireproof clothing, etc.).
The control of toxic materials and wastes is also part of the prevention of risks in the industry to take care of the worker's health and to prevent contamination in the vicinity of the factories.
There are two ideas that serve as a basis for the prevention of occupational hazards: any accident at work can be avoided, given that it is in itself the proof that the organization or the work of one or more people have not been optimal; The best way to anticipate the risks associated with a task is to study it thoroughly.
At present, it is normal for workers to have the support of legislation to enforce their right to be effectively protected against occupational hazards, and this translates, in turn, into an obligation on the part of managers regarding their employees. In some countries it is sought that the prevention of occupational hazards be integrated into the rest of the points to be covered in business management, among which are their financial and productive activity.
All risk prevention must begin with the evaluation adequate environment, by specialists in the field. Some of the objectives of this observation are:
* study the conditions of the job, which includes the facilities, tools and products used therein;
* identify those dangers to which employees are exposed. It is worth mentioning that some of them can be easily avoided before continuing with the evaluation;
* assign a numerical value to each risk detected, taking into account factors such as the severity of their potentials damage and the time that the average of employees should be exposed to it per day. After this stage it is possible to order them in a hierarchy of priorities;
* propose a series of prevention measures to achieve the elimination or reduction of risks.
This evaluation is only one of the steps towards security In a work environment, a tool available to entrepreneurs to run their companies with more certainty. Once the results have been received by the technicians, it is possible to develop an execution plan, to solve the problems one by one, as the necessary financial means are available.