In order to delve into the clarification of the meaning of the ethical principle, it is necessary that, in the first place, we proceed to determine the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Principle derives from the Latin "principium", which can be translated as "take the first" and is the result of the sum of "primus", which is synonymous with "the first"; the verb "capere", which is equivalent to "take"; and the suffix "-ium".
-Ethical, on the other hand, emanates from the Greek. More exactly it is the result of the union of "ethos", which means "custom", and of the suffix "-ico", which expresses "relative to".
A beginning is the start of something . The concept is also used to name a value or yet postulate that is taken into account for the development of an action. A principle, in this way, can be equivalent to a rule .
Ethical, on the other hand, refers to what is related to the ethics (the philosophical branch that focuses on moral issues). Ethics, in this sense, is formed by moral rules which are taken as the basis for action.
With these clarifications, we can analyze the notion of ethical principle . It is a rule that serves as guide to define the behavior, since it includes what is taken as valid or good.
Specifically, it is considered that in today's society there are a number of ethical principles that are qualified as basic. These include the following:
-Principle of autonomy. It means that every person of legal age has the right to determine and conduct their life on their own and in the manner they deem appropriate.
-Principle of equality, which states that we are all equal, that is, that we have the same rights and also the same obligations.
-Principle of humanization. This comes to make clear that every human being must live, act and foster human values such as freedom, conscience, social sense or even responsibility.
-Principle of solidarity, which establishes that every man or woman, who lives in a human society, has the obligation to seek the common good and to be attentive and helpful with the needs of others.
The people they have different ethical principles because they are associated with the awareness each. There are, however, numerous ethical principles shared at the social level. Respecting all human beings, not exercising violence and helping those who need it are some examples of the most common ethical principles.
For the determination of ethical principles, the human being It has been compiling what was shown as harmful to societies and, therefore, should be avoided in behavior. If historical experience shows that violence does not lead to anything good, nonviolence becomes an ethical principle. People tend to believe, therefore, that they should not act violently because the consequences of violent action are negative.
Violating an ethical principle can have different consequences. When the ethical principle coincides with a law , the offense is a crime and corresponds to legal punishment .