The Operetta is a scenic genre which combines declamations, songs and instrumental parts. His name comes from Zarzuela Palace , the place where this type of dramatic and musical work was represented for the first time. This palace was built in the XVII century by order of the king Philip IV as a hunting lodge and its name is due to the presence of brambles (also known as blackberries or blackberries).
The work of this gender and the letter wave music of the same work they also receive the name of zarzuela. During the colonial era, the zarzuela extended to America (in countries like Cuba and Venezuela ) and Philippines (where it was combined with local forms and resulted in the birth of the sarswela).
Considered a subgenus of the operetta , the zarzuela differs from it since its action takes place in some Spanish province and, in addition, it always includes some musical fragment inspired by the typical music of Spain .
Lope de Vega and Pedro Calderón de la Barca They were some of the great writers who, in the early stages of the zarzuela, contributed their genius to the genre. At that time the zarzuela was divided into gender boy (when they consisted of a single act) and big gender (with two or more acts).
However, we must not overlook the figure of another series of important authors within the genre of zarzuela that left their deep mark on that during the period between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This would be the case of the Madrid composer Federico Chueca.
Among his most significant works in this area should be noted, for example, "Last year for water", "The white vest", "La Gran Vía", "The joy of the garden" or "Water, sugar and brandy" .
In the same way, Basque composer Pablo Sorozábal Mariezcurrena and Toledo Jacinto Guerrero, who made such important works as "The bunch of roses" and "The rose of saffron" respectively, have also become indisputable figures within this artistic genre .
One of the best known works within the scope of the zarzuela, which has managed to become a great classic, is the one entitled “La verbena de la Paloma”. In 1894, taking Madrid's Apollo Theater as a stage, it was when the one that is also known by the name of "The Apothecary and the poorly repressed chulapas and jealousy" was presented.
Ricardo de la Vega was the one who was in charge of writing the libretto while Tomás Bretón was the one who composed the music of this story that revolves around one of the best-known festivals in Madrid: La Verbena de la Paloma. In this context there will be an attack of jealousy by a young man when his crush goes to the celebration in the company of an old apothecary
The historical development of the zarzuela included the appearance of the zarzuelita , a genre emerged in the nineteenth century and linked to sainete .
It should be noted that zarzuela, in another sense, is a plate It consists of the combination of various kinds of fish and seafood, seasoned with a sauce.