Organ , from Latin orgănum, is a term that has different uses. It is, for example, a musical instrument composed of tubes of different lengths that produce sound by letting air pass. The organs have a keyboard and bellows that propel the air.
The structure of the organ is formed by a box (which holds the instrument), a console (with knobs to play, includes the keyboard , he pedaling and the records ), the pipeline (the set of tubes or flutes), the secret (the box that presents the valve system on which the pipes are supported), the mechanism (he system which works as a link between the movements of the controls) and the bellows (that provide the air).
This instrument is very common in churches since it is usually played during the celebration of the mass. It is known as Hammond organ , on the other hand, to the instrument invented by Laurens Hammond (1895 -1973 ) that works with amplification through individual speakers.
Among the wide variety of organs that exist we should highlight one of the most important. We are referring to the one known as chamber organ. It is a musical instrument with keyboard and small size that is specially designed to be used in small rooms.
Among the most important organists in the history of music or the composers who made the most use of the organ we could highlight great figures such as the German Felix Mendelssohn, the Spanish Jesus Guridi, the Austrian Anton Bruckner and the German also Johannes Brahms, among many more.
The existence of what is known as an administrative body should not be overlooked either. The aforementioned term is used to refer to the unit of a Public Administration whose clear mission is to carry out a series of specific actions and functions within that.
In the same way, we also find the existence of what is known as judicial bodies. They have a clearly established jurisdiction over which they exercise the ability to decide existing conflicts while respecting the laws and the Constitution of the specific country.
In the field of biology and the anatomy , an organ is a associated set of tissues that share a structure and the same function . The scale of biological complexity places the organs above the tissues and below the systems.
The heart, the brain , the stomach, lungs, kidneys and liver are some of the organs of mammals, including humans. He organ transplant it is the medical treatment that consists in replacing some organ of a person by an organ donated by another subject.
In addition, it must be made clear that the organs of the human body can be classified based on two fundamental criteria. First, taking into account the system or apparatus in which they are located and secondly, based on the anatomical area in which they are found.