Argument It is a term that comes from the Latin word argumentum. Its about reasoning which is used to prove or prove a proposition or to convince another person of what is affirmed or denied.
For example: “Before you get angry, I should listen to my arguments”, "You cannot defend such an idea without any argument", "The argument given by the manager to explain the decision did not conform to anyone", “Dr. López is confident that his argument will allow to obtain the benefit”.
The argument is the expression , either oral or written, of a reasoning . It allows to justify something as a reasonable action with two possible purposes: persuade another subject (to promote a certain action) or stream content with a sense of truth (fostering understanding).
An argument must be consistent and consistent, without exhibiting contradictions. Only in this way will it achieve its objectives, otherwise it will be refuted or rejected by the recipient.
This term that concerns us has to say that it becomes an element of great value within the judicial field. And it is precisely the arguments that will become the key for a lawyer to make clear the innocence of his client or, in the opposite case, the defendant's guilt against which his defendant goes.
In either situation, what is clear is that before the judge the lawyer must present solid and irrefutable arguments that make it clear that what he defends is the absolute truth.
Specifically, among the main arguments that the defense can use to achieve “victory” in the trial are the alibi, procedural irregularity, the grounds for justification or the grounds for exemption from criminal responsibility. This last element is one in which the defendant acknowledges having committed the crime but also the one who was unable to avoid it due to a loss of consciousness, to which he was coerced, to suffer from dementia or to a decrease in capacity.
For the logic , an argument is a set of premises followed by a conclusion . When this conclusion necessarily follows from the premises, we speak of a deductively valid argument.
Another use of argument is linked to the matter or subject matter in a work . When a person narrates the plot of a movie or a book, what he does is expose the main ideas and actions: "It is a very well acted comedy, but with a predictable argument", "The plot of the new film by the filmmaker caused a great controversy in the Arab world".
In this case, it must be stated that the term argument is often confused with those of synopsis and summary. However, the differentiation that can be made is as follows:
• Argument, which in a few lines tries to express what the work is about.
• Synopsis, is to make a brief account of the book or movie, giving the name of some characters or more specific details.
• Summary, follow the lines of the synopsis but is longer than it.