From Latin exclusive, exclusion is the action and effect of excluding (remove someone or something from a place, discard, reject, deny possibilities). For example: "The exclusion of Gomez from the team generated a great controversy", "Ricardo never forgave his wife's exclusion from the guest list", "The directors of the channel announced the exclusion of the journalist from its stable staff due to ideological disagreements".
The concept of exclusion is very common in the field of social Sciences Or the politics to name the unfavorable social situation of a person or from a group of individuals. In this sense, an economic system or a country model is expected to favor social integration and general well-being; Those who do not enjoy development opportunities or who fail to meet their basic needs are considered excluded.
Exclusion may occur due to the implicit conditions of the system (which does not allow progress to all members of the community) or by a direct discrimination mechanism (as in the case of apartheid in South Africa ).
The most frequent exclusion factor is the poverty . A person can be poor for multiple reasons (unemployment, poor remuneration, very large families, health problems): such poverty will make him unable to buy food, have decent housing, access to medicines, etc. Therefore, poverty leads the subject to be excluded from the system, excluded.
However, there are many other situations that can lead to a person being considered to be at risk of social exclusion. Thus, for example, in Spain the determined legislation that will be dictated that someone suffers from it if it belongs to groups such as the following: individuals with alcoholism or drug addiction problems who are participating in workshops and reintegration centers, young people between 18 and 30 Years in a child protection center, former inmates, who are in prisons serving sentences ...
In addition to all of the above, it should be stressed that exclusion is a situation that is determined by the coincidence of issues such as poverty, discrimination, invisibility, reduced opportunities or lack of tolerance and solidarity.
It is also important to establish that the term social exclusion arose in the decade of the 70s. Specifically it was in France where this expression began to be used as a result of the work entitled “Lex exclus: a Français sur Dix”, which was written by the who was Secretary of State for Social Action at that time: René Lenoir.
And, using that term and carrying out the drafting of that document, what he really wanted was to capture the situation that at that time was living in the Gallic country, where a significant number of citizens were outside what was the Social Security system that came to work and protect workers.
A peaceful and harmonious society is one that guarantees development opportunities to all its inhabitants and that has the necessary mechanisms to correct inequalities.