From Latin composĭtus, compound It is a term with different uses and meanings. One of the most usual refers to element created from the sum of different parts . For example: "This compound has several types of herbs, fruit juice and a secret ingredient", “They recommended that I apply a paint and liquid membrane compound on the wall to avoid leaks”.
For the chemistry , the notion of compound mentions the substance created from the conjunction of at least a couple of elements that are part of the periodic table , always in an invariable reason. These compounds have a chemical formula: hydrofluoric acid , to cite a case, it is a compound formed by a hydrogen atom and a fluorine atom (the fixed ratio, therefore it is from one atom to one).
In this same area we can establish that there is a broad classification of the mentioned chemical compounds among which are the following:
Hydrides As the name implies, they are the result of the mixture of hydrogen and another element of the mentioned periodic table. They are also characterized in that they can be both metallic and non-metallic.
Basic oxides. Oxygen is the fundamental basis of its formation in which the presence of a metal is also necessary.
Binary salts Sodium chloride, that is, what is known as table salt is one of the perfect examples of this type of chemical compound that is the result of the sum of a hydrocide and a hydroxide.
Acid oxides, oxisals or oxyacids are other types of compounds that are part of this science that we are now addressing.
It is important to distinguish between compounds and alloys or blends . While the aforementioned fixed ratio is an inherent property of the compounds, the links between the molecules of a mixture are not stable. On the other hand, the elements of a compound can only be separated by chemical procedures; instead, the elements of a mixture can be divided by physical mechanisms such as distillation or decantation.
In the field of grammar , a compound is a word that is created by composing at least two simple terms: "Please pass me the corkscrew" it's a phrase where "corkscrew" It is a compound word.
In addition to all the above we can state that there is a large number of expressions or terms that make use of the concept we are analyzing. Thus, for example, it would be known as compound water that is a beverage made from sugar, water and the juice of various fruits. This would be the case with lemon water.
In the field of art, on the other hand, we find the term compound capital that is characterized by the result of the union of several styles. Specifically, any capital of this type is defined by having acanthus leaves that are characteristic of the Corinthian and also volutes that are characteristic of the Ionian.
For the botany Finally, the composite plants are those that differ by their simple leaves and by their grouped flowers a common receptacle, such as the artichoke.