Fungi It is a Latin term that can be translated as fungus . He fungi kingdom , therefore, is the kingdom of fungi: those eukaryotic type living beings , like the mushrooms , the yeasts and the molds .
The fungi kingdom members they are not animals, plants or protists . There are, however, confusions regarding certain organisms, and there are even organisms whose classification in one or the other kingdom It changed over the years.
Today it is understood that the members of the fungi kingdom are organisms eukaryotes whose cell walls are formed by chitin . Fungi are osmotrophs (develop an external digestion that involves the secretion of enzymes, then reabsorbed).
Other characteristics of fungi are the presence of cellular organelles and vacuoles, the lack of chloroplasts and the production of spores. There are fungi that are similar to bacteria , while others resemble plants .
The fungi kingdom members have the ability to decompose dead matter This means that, when an animal or a plant dies, fungi take care of their decomposition .
In addition to all of the above, it is important to know that the members of the fungí kingdom also have another interesting series of features, among which we highlight the following:
-They feed through what is the absorption of nutrients from organic material.
-They reproduce asexually by budding, mainly through what are spores.
-They are fundamentally terrestrial and the habitat in which they usually develop is in humid and dark areas.
-One of the curiosities in medicine is that a substance as important as penicillin is obtained precisely from a member of this fungi kingdom, specifically mold penicillium notatum.
-We must know that there are fungi that are poisonous, specifically it is estimated that there are about 200 different species of these. This would be the case with the ticket of Satan or the phallus Amanita.
Also it is necessary to know that the members of the fungí kingdom can be classified in two great groups:
-The upper fungi. These are in turn made up of two sets: ascomycetes, such as truffles, and basidiomycetes, which are found primarily in forests such as mushrooms. It must be said that higher fungi are identified because they have a chitinous membrane, because they have filaments and because
-Lower fungi. This group, as in the previous case, is also composed of two large groups: oomicophites, such as aquatic molds, and zygomophites, with molds as the greatest exponent.
Certain organisms of the fungi kingdom have great importance in the economy . Some mushrooms, for example, are very popular in the gastronomy . Yeasts, meanwhile, are indispensable for Bread and beer . There are also fungi that are processed for the production of antibiotics.
One of the most famous edible mushrooms is the Agaricus bisporus , popularly known as mushroom . This member of the fungi kingdom is used in pizzas, salads and sauces , among other preparations.