Capoeira it is not a term that is part of the dictionary prepared by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ). The concept, however, is often used in our language as it is called a martial art of Brazilian origin that enjoys great popularity in many countries.
Capoeira is a combination of acrobatics , dance and other body expressions. Its origins date back to the beginning of century XVI , when it was developed by descendants of Africans who took influences from local aboriginal cultures.
In 2014 , capoeira was included in the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity of the UNESCO . The discipline can be developed in a sporty and acrobatic way or as a fighting style. At a general level it is characterized by the movements of legs and arms and the jumps.
Traditionally capoeira was practiced at rhythm of the birimbao , a string instrument. At present it is common for percussion instruments to be used as accompaniment.
The practice of capoeira is carried out in "Rhodes": musicians and capoeiristas form a circle while two practitioners face each other in the "Jogo" (the game). While you are two people they start a fight (without physical contact), the others applaud and sing.
There are, however, different styles of capoeira and multiple techniques . Many have been created "Fight committees" around the world that organize the practice of capoeira and face its exponents. Beyond the capoeiristas, there are many mixed martial arts fighters who appeal to capoeira movements.
Other interesting aspects about capoeira are the following:
-The minimum size that the circle where the run will take place must have is 3 meters.
-The professors who teach capoeira are committed to instilling in their students a series of important values. Hence, more and more talk about the advantages of this art. Specifically, they are instilled in intelligence, respect, freedom, security and responsibility.
-One of the most important movements in capoeira is the one that receives the name of Ginga that basically consists of balancing.
-Also, movements such as the Aú Batido, which are called an elusive side somersault that later becomes a blockade or a kick, take center stage within the capoeira.
-With regard to attacks, in the capoeira sweeps and kicks are relevant, without forgetting what are the punches and blows in the head.
The world of cinema has had a special interest in capoeira. For that reason, there are several films that revolve around it. We are referring to films like "Besouro", which comes to tell the story of one of the most important capoeiristas in the history of that art in Brazil such as Besouro Mangagá, or "Only the strong".
However, we must not overlook other audiovisual productions on capoeira such as "Uma vida pela capoeira", "Secret History of Bahia" or "A capoeira illuminated".