In order to know the meaning of the term holiday it is necessary, first, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it derives from Latin, it is exactly the result of the sum of two components of that language: the noun “fair”, which can be translated as “holidays”, and the suffix “-ado”, which is used to indicate "that you have received the action."
The concept of holiday refers to that linked to the fair , in the sense of interruption and rest from work . The term usually refers specifically to day that is not working .
A holiday, also called public holiday , is a day in which work and academic obligations are suspended . In other words: in a holiday there is no work or classes. There are, however, numerous exceptions since many people They have to work even on a holiday, receiving an additional or extra payment for that.
It can be said that a holiday is a day that is not skilled . Usually the only day of the week which is considered nonworking is the Sunday , although various activities also interrupt the saturdays . From Monday to Friday, however, daily obligations and responsibilities govern. However, when it is a holiday, activities are interrupted no matter how much Monday , Tuesday , Wednesday , Thursday or Friday .
Holidays are usually established by laws or decrees . The authorities, considering that a certain event must be commemorated or celebrated, set a date to be a holiday to allow people to join the commemoration, family celebration, etc.
The day of Christmas , to cite a case, is a holiday in the countries Catholics In the December 25th In this way, you don't work and only essential public services work.
Within the set of holidays, it should be noted that there are, in addition to those exposed, those that are established locally in a city or town, such as municipal holidays in honor of their employers. In the same way, there are holidays that refer to parties in the autonomous communities. Thus, for example, February 28 is Andalusia Day and, therefore, it is a holiday for those who live and work in that territory while in the rest of Spain it is another working day.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that, sometimes, it is established that when a holiday falls on a Saturday, it is usual to move that non-reading day to the following Monday. Thus, what is achieved is that the workers have a bridge that they can take advantage of to rest simply, to spend time with their family or even to make a getaway.
When a holiday meets a weekend, a holiday is generated long weekend : to the usual rest of Saturday and Sunday the holiday of Friday or Monday is added, causing that there are three consecutive non-working days.
In addition, most days of what is known as Holy Week are also holidays, which is the week that commemorates the life and death of Jesus Christ.