According to the first meaning mentioned by the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), a outlaw is a subject that is dedicated to crime by staying away from cities and towns to avoid security forces. The outlaw, therefore, commits crimes and then moves to escape the actions of justice. In this context, one of its most common synonyms is gunman.
The etymology the term would come from old Catalan foraxit, which could derive from the Italian fuoruscito. These ideas can be translated as "Gone out" and they are linked to the flight of criminals.
In ancient times, outlaws used to be associated with bandits : armed individuals who assaulted travelers in the middle of a road or in environments that were not populated. This type of action It allowed them to hide easily. Outlaws used to act in groups, forming criminal gangs.
One of the most famous outlaws of the history is Billy the Kid , an American criminal born in 1859 and died in 1881 . Also know as Henry Antrim and William Bonney , His real name was William Henry McCarthy .
Billy the Kid, who is also known in our language as Billy the Child, enjoys immense popularity worldwide, largely thanks to having starred in endless fiction stories, such as graphic novels. It is important to highlight that it was a murderer and thief very feared in his time, despite the fact that the figure you have of him nowadays stains him hero .
It all started when Billy murdered two men on his land before fleeing and becoming a real outlaw. From that moment on, his life revolved around the thefts and the shots in cold blood, all this while moving from one point to another. At one point in his life he was imprisoned, but managed to escape before being sent to the gallows, for which he decided to kill six security guards. His nickname was due to his childish appearance, despite his age.
Another of the most famous outlaws in history was Jesse James , who has the mark of the reward highest offered for his capture: $ 100,000, a real fortune if we take into account that he lived between 1847 and 1882. In addition to this, he is the gunman on which more films have been made. Unlike Billy the Kid, in his time he was considered a martyr and a hero of great popularity.
One of the deadliest in the far west was John Wesley Hardin , who "boasts" fifty-eight deaths, which include people of great importance, such as being commissioners. As a curious fact, it is known that the acclaimed actor and director Clint eastwood He intended to make a film about him, but that the project was canceled due to the immense and contradictory amount of information they found about this character .
Hardin always acted on his own and focused on the assaults on trains and banks. One of his great feats was to stop a train of one hundred passengers by placing stones on the tracks.
At present, it is usually called outlaw who lives outside the margins of the law or that does not respect social norms and conventions. For example: "Three outlaws destroyed the monument reminiscent of the hero of independence", "The young man was approached by outlaws when he went to school and suffered the theft of all his belongings", "We cannot allow a group of outlaws to scare members who try to enjoy the club's facilities".