Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the term productive forces, we will unravel what is the etymological origin of the words that compose it. In this sense, we have to say that both come from Latin:
• Force emanates from “fortis, fortia”, which can be translated as “strong”.
• Productive, on the other hand, comes from “productivus” which means that someone “can carry out something thanks to the capacity they have”. That word is made up of three distinct parts: the prefix "pro-", which indicates "forward"; the adjective "ductus", which is synonymous with "guided"; and the suffix “-tivo”, which indicates “passive or active relationship”.
The vigor and the ability to move something or someone to do resistance or have weight ; the natural virtue of things; the application of physical or moral power; the action of forcing someone to do something; the most vigorous state of something; and the influence that can modify the state of rest or movement of a body are some of the definitions of the notion of force .
Productive , meanwhile, is a adjective which refers to that or that which has virtue of producing or that is useful and profitable . It should be noted that to produce is to generate, originate, procreate or manufacture something.
The productive forces they are, therefore, the elements that the man transforms through job to generate the goods you need for your livelihood.
In addition to all of the above, another series of important questions about the aforementioned productive forces should be clarified:
• They come to make clear the relationship established between man and the objects that surround him as well as between him and the forces of Nature. More exactly they determine how the human being dominates them.
• The fact that man creates machines or instruments of work as well as that he learns to make the most of the natural resources they have ends up being translated into a remarkable development of him in particular and of society in general.
• The result of these mentioned actions carried out by the human being are a change both in the production of any work and in the performance obtained in it.
• Within the scope of capitalism, it must be established that at a given moment a strong clash is established between what are the capitalist relations of production and the productive forces.
The concept was coined by Marxism and is linked to the production of material life.
The productive forces include the nature factors (like water or electricity) but also at labor procedures , from work in the field to workshops, small factories and large industrial complexes. He Marxism associates the human relationships that occur through the development of productive forces with the division of classes and the private ownership of the means of production .
This means that the productive forces evolve according to the system of production relations and what the historical materialism known as superstructure (the ideologies that depend on the economic and material conditions of the society ).