The legalization is the act and consequence of legalizing . This verb (legalize), in turn, refers to grant status legal or to certify the authenticity of a signature or documentation .
When legalizing refers to conferring legal status on something, legalization implies that what is now legalized happens to be allowed by the law , while before the process it was prohibited. With legalization, in this way, a crime or infraction ceases to exist.
Take the case of indian hemp , better known as cannabis or marijuana . Although it depends on each legislation In general, it is a plant whose cultivation, possession, commercialization and consumption are prohibited by its psychoactive properties. Faced with this reality, there are groups that boost their legalization since they ensure that this plant species does not cause addiction, is not harmful and is even beneficial for health in many cases. If unrestricted legalization of marijuana is achieved, it would be permissible to grow and sell the plants and consume them in cigarettes or other forms.
The legalization of abortion it is another frequent reason for debate in numerous countries . In this case, it is analyzed if the Voluntary termination of pregnancy it must be punishable by law or if, on the contrary, the woman can say voluntarily if she continues with the gestation until giving birth. When abortion is classified as a crime, the pregnant woman is not authorized to terminate the pregnancy nor is anyone authorized to produce said interruption. On the other hand, with the legalization of the practice (usually under certain requirements), curbing the advance of pregnancy is possible under the law.
The legalization of a document or of a firm , meanwhile, involves subjecting the material to certain formal requirements to give it validity. When legalizing the content, it is considered officialized or accepted by law.