It is called seasonality to the dependency link that exists in relation to any of the seasons of the year (summer, autumn, spring or winter). It should be remembered that the seasons are seasons or periods in which the year is divided.
Seasonality is a situation or phenomenon that usually occurs at the same time of the year , always with similar characteristics. That is why it is possible to predict it, since its nature It is linked to the season: it happens every summer or every winter, for example.
These variations occur in a period equal to or less than one year . If they occur over a longer period, there is no talk of seasonal variation, but of cyclic variation (cycles ). On the other hand, long-term behaviors are known as trends .
In some regions , we usually talk about the seasonality of tourism . Take the case of a coastal city that, in the summer months, receives thousands of visitors, a figure that drops a lot in the rest of the year. This means that, in the summer period, local people have almost guaranteed access to employment since there is a large tourism industry designed to meet the needs and requirements of travelers. However, in spring, autumn and winter, many shops close, since they only work when there are tourists (in summer). To guarantee local employment throughout the year, the authorities seek to break the seasonality and make their city attractive beyond the time.
Breaking seasonality is not an easy or fast process, and in fact it varies in each country and region. There are many factors that influence the effectiveness of each method; For example, the budget available to the local government is absolutely decisive as it establishes a series of limits within the scope of each action plan. Opening new stores and shopping centers, as well as creating innovative employment platforms for the most tourist areas leads to large investments of money that are not always available.
East phenomenon Seasonality in tourist cities is often the reason for the deep discontent that its inhabitants live, since they feel a drowning in the face of the inevitable labor drought that takes place once the flow of travelers is over and the three quiet seasons come. However, many times there is a lack of creativity and attitude in people that feeds the consequences of seasonality: the fear of change is the worst enemy in a situation of this nature.
While the government has a great responsibility for seasonality, citizens are also part of the system and they should contribute new ideas to extend the period of commercial activity throughout the year. Of course, it is not always a lack of will on the part of small entrepreneurs but rather the limited capital to carry out their projects.
In any case, the key lies in "losing the fear" of seasonality, in dramatizing its effects to treat it as a real phenomenon, which will not cease to exist, and develop a series of action plans around it with the objective of Avoid its negative consequences. Just as at first very few people trusted the Internet as a source of work and in less than two decades it became the solution For millions of people who cannot or want to move to carry out their profession, there are always alternatives to what is known that can break down any barrier.
The agricultural activities , depending on the sowing and harvest periods, are also tied to seasonality, in this case marked by the weather .