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Surcharge It is a concept used to name the increase of a load or to the application or the developing of a new charge . For example: "The Government announced that it will prohibit businesses from charging a surcharge for payment by debit card", “If you pay your bill after day 10, you will have a 15% surcharge”, "How can I top-up the balance to make calls from this phone?".

Frequently the notion of surcharge is used to name the additional charge which is added to a certain debt when the person It is late in payment. All debt is incurred with a payment term or an expiration date. Once this period is over, the debtor will be in lack . That happens even when an individual must pay for a service, such as electricity or telephony.

The Business They usually punish the payment delay with a surcharge. Assume that an individual is late in paying his $ 200 bill to the telephone company T, which imposes a 25% surcharge as a penalty, as stipulated in the terms of use of the service; Once the deadline has passed, you will have no choice but to pay $ 250, unless you want the company to take legal action against you.

In this same context, the companies of services Telephony and Internet usually apply a surcharge or penalty to customers who interrupt the period of stay established on the day of hiring. Typically, companies require a stay of one year or more, and stipulate the amount that must be paid before a withdrawal takes place before that period.

The surcharge for interruption of the service during the period of permanence is variable, since it depends on the time that has elapsed since the hiring; If a customer wishes to change companies for reasons of rate , it is recommended that you wait until the amount is accessible, to avoid a considerable loss.

The idea of ​​surcharge also applies when the State demands a Additional payment of a tax or of one rate according to certain parameters. He tax surcharge or tax surcharge Therefore, it is an extra percentage that adds to the tax rate.

In a country X , the purchase of 0 kilometer cars is taxed with a 10% . However, if the car in question is produced abroad, a surcharge of the 35% .

It is known by the name of night surcharge to the extra amount that a person must receive as compensation for working after a certain time, which in some countries is 10 at night. It is a right that every worker must demand from their employers if they must cover the night time. He percentage which is applied to the normal salary is usually less than 50%.

An individual whose turn covers part of the day and part of the night receives a proportional night surcharge. It should be mentioned that this compensation should also be applied to calculation of social benefits (severance, interest on severance and service premium), parafiscal contributions (family compensation funds, ICBF and Sena) and social security (pension and health).

It is important to clarify that the night surcharge is not the same as the Sunday or festive, and that does not equal compensation for night overtime ; in fact, when overtime is done during the night it is charged much more than if it were a turn habitual. Similarly, an employee who works at night is entitled to charge a special surcharge if asked to attend his position on a Sunday or holiday.

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