The first step that must be taken in order to establish and understand the meaning of the bilingual term is to proceed to determine its etymological origin. In doing so, we discover that it comes from the Latin "bilingual", which is a word formed by two clear Latin components: the prefix "bi-", which can be translated as "two", and the noun "lingua", which is synonymous with " language".
Bilingual It is an adjective that is used to name who speaks two tongues or to what is written in two Languages . For example: “Multinational company seeks a Bachelor of Bilingual Administration (Spanish-English)”, “In the current labor market, being bilingual is almost a necessity”, “They presented a bilingual edition of the biography of Hugo Guerolo”.
He bilingualism (the capacity of one person to use two languages interchangeably) it can be native or acquired . If a child is a son of Mexicans but is born and raised in U.S , It is likely to be native bilingual since, in your home, you will speak in Spanish, while in school and in life in general you will appeal to English.
However, if a person is born and lives all his life in Chile but he has been studying German since he was five years old, when he reaches a certain age he will master this second language perfectly, in addition to his native Spanish. It will therefore be a case of acquired bilingualism .
The notion of bilingual, therefore, is associated with a perfect handling of two languages that can be used by the individual in indistinctly (that is, it can be expressed without problems in both languages). A subject who has knowledge of another language in addition to his native language will not be bilingual, since he cannot express himself fluently.
In recent years, in countries like Spain, bilingualism has taken special relevance. A good example of this is that more and more schools, both schools and institutes, proceed to an education based on that. Hence, many of the classes are taught by teachers in English so that students, from a young age, are fluent with the language that has come to be considered as the universal language: English.
Specifically, the various governmental institutions have opted for this type of education, based on Spanish and the Anglo-Saxon language, because it is considered to bring a significant number of benefits for children and young people:
• They manage to improve their ability to master languages.
• They develop more perfectly and broadly in terms of language.
• Looking ahead, they are facilitated to have access to a job, since languages are now one of the strong pillars when it comes to getting a job either inside or outside their countries.
• It is a way to get to know another culture.
• It helps them to be more tolerant and to enrich themselves culturally by talking.
With the globalization , bilingualism or multilingualism It has become more frequent as international travel and communications have become widespread.