The you go out , in the context of the chemistry , are compounds that occur when, in a certain acid, their hydrogen atoms are replaced by basic radicals. According to its characteristics, it is possible to talk about different types of salts, such as acid salts and the binary salts .
In the case of haloidal salts , it is a compound formed through the reaction of a hydroxide with a hydrochloric . This reaction that occurs, qualified as of neutralization , implies the appearance of Water with salt, replacing the hydrogen of the hydrochloric for metal .
In addition to all of the above about haloid salts, it is worth knowing other interesting data about them, such as these:
-As a rule, they are odorless. However, there are some exceptions, such as ammoniacal salts.
-It turns out to be solid white and colorless crystals or bright colors.
-Its flavor is stable.
-They have the peculiarity that when they dissolve in what is water they become very good conductors of electricity.
The formulation of the haloid rooms requires writing, first, the symbol of the metal , followed by the symbol of non-metal . In addition, the oxidation numbers .
A example of haloid salt is the sodium chloride , which is neither more nor less than the popular table salt . Table salt formation occurs from the reaction between the sodium hydroxide and the hydrochloric acid . This reaction results in sodium chloride plus H2O (Water).
Although the said common salt is perhaps the most known or recognizable haloid salt by all, there are also others that are equally important, such as these:
-Sodium carbonate is used in many different areas and with different functions. Thus, it is not only included in what is called caustic soda but it is also used both in the papermaking industries and in soaping.
- Potassium chlorate, on the other hand, is usually a very important element in the pyrotechnics creation sector, in the making of matches and also in what is the start-up of endless explosives. But not only that. In addition, it seems that, in some cases, it is also used in the making of toothpastes.
-Potassium chloride is also significant as haloid salt and, in particular, takes center stage in the creation of what are fertilizers.
As with all salts, there are several ways to name the haloid salts. The traditional nomenclature add the suffix -aurochs to nonmetal, and then mention the metal with the endings ico or bear in the necessary cases. For example: mercuric bromide .
The stock nomenclature contemplate that the nonmetal is mentioned with the suffix -aurochs and that the metal is followed by its oxidation number , written in parentheses: magnesium chloride (I) .
Finally the systematic nomenclature employs prefixes to indicate the amount of atoms that they have: iron trichloride .