The Latin word senectus came to our language as senescence . It's about the stage that the human being lives after maturity . Old age, therefore, is the old age wave old age .
However, it is important to point out certain differences that exist between the three terms, although it is not much more than nuances. By old age The period that begins at a certain age is usually understood, which varies according to the characteristics of each era: for example, there are dictionaries that establish 70 years as the line that separates it from youth. Old age, on the other hand, comes after old age, and is the last stage of our life. Neither of these two words denotes a pronounced deterioration in the organism, and that is the point at which they differ from old age.
For example: “My father is entering old age, so he will need to have me closer”, "I am already living old age, but you are young: take advantage of time and enjoy", "Luckily, Grandpa Pablo enjoys full senescence, without major health problems".
It is often said that old age is the senior citizens : the first age is the childhood and the second age , the adulthood . There are no exact biological parameters that determine when a person leaves one age and enters the other, since vital development is a progressive and continuous process. Therefore, in certain contexts, the limits of each age are set socially.
Thus, it is often said that old age begins at 65 years . At that age, people can now access their retirement and they become, at the economic level, taxpayers: they stop producing and receive a pension (retirement) for the work they did in the past. This allows them to have free time, which they can take advantage of to a greater or lesser extent according to the state of Health .
It is that old age, for biological reasons, entails a deterioration of the organism. Problems like the osteoporosis , the osteoarthritis and the Alzheimer's disease they are linked to the advanced age of people and, therefore, to the stage of old age.
Many times, the discomfort of an elder worsens because of the perception that the environment has of its supposed deterioration; For example, when a young individual shows difficulty remembering something, it is normal for no one to worry, while if the same happens to someone age advanced their relatives can be alarmed at a potential sign of senility.
In this regard, it should be noted that there are numerous investigations that show a very slight connection between memory loss and old age , much lighter than people think. On the other hand, there is a deterioration in the speed with which the elderly process the concepts and this explains that they take longer to react to the events that surround them. If old age is normal, without serious health complications, it should not be so different from youth, in that all the elderly should have sufficient autonomy to live alone.
One of the most common problems of old age is the difficulty of adapting to new situations and the inevitable changes . For example, it is normal for people who have begun to experience a deterioration of their body to be reluctant to new technologies, currency changes or the way young people speak; this resistance and the apparently self-centered attitude is nothing more than attempts to reaffirm his personality, to cling with all his strength to life.