The concept of synthesis It has its origin in Latin synthesis and, as it is told, its most remote roots are found in a Greek word. The term refers to the presentation of a whole thanks to the highlight of its most interesting or outstanding parts .
In other words, it can be said that synthesis is the conformation of something complete as a result of the elements that have been removed during a previous procedure . A thesis It is understood as a judgment or affirmation; its opposite or opposite expression is identified by the name of antithesis. The synthesis is that proposition that manages to gather and combine these previous judgments.
The notion of synthesis is also used similarly to summary , since it can be the compilation of a text or other piece. The synthesis of a literary material, for example, expresses its main ideas. The summary, on the other hand, is the reduced and abbreviated presentation of all the contents: “I have to present a synthesis of my book to the publisher”.
The chemical synthesis On the other hand, it is one that is based on a procedure carried out to obtain a compound from other simpler substances. Its objective is to produce new substances from others already known.
It is called Organic synthesis to the planned development of molecules through chemical reactions. This field of action is frequent in the preparation of food, medicines and dyes.
Biosynthesis , meanwhile, is a notion that is used as a synonym for anabolism , the part of the metabolism that is responsible for synthesizing complex organic molecules based on simpler ones. This process requires Energy .
The protein synthesis Finally, it is the anabolic type process that follows from the formation of proteins; that is to say of the process by which, starting from the 12 existing amino acids, new proteins are formed. the same it is done in ribosomes , macromolecular complex found in the cell cytoplasm.
Synthesis occurs when amino acids are transferred through messenger RNA, the ribonucleic acid which carries the genetic information and determines in what order these amino acids will be joined and they manage to form the new proteins . Once said synthesis is completed, the RNA is released and can be reused in a new process.
Anyway, this synthesis is not so simple; it consists of a series of phases that, developed in a normal way allow the normal functioning of the organism in which they are carried out.
Amino acid activation: In it the amino acids bind to the corresponding RNA and release the enzyme that must act in the following phases;
Amino acid translation: It is the first phase of the synthesis itself, which in turn is composed of several stages, which are known as start, elongation and end protein synthesis;
Association of polypeptide chains: In this last phase, after the synthesis, the related chains are associated and the synthesis process starts again.
Finally we can clarify that proteins are essential to send information Through the cells, transform the structure of certain organic supplements and also to store substances. In the case of synthesis, the activation of certain enzymes (proteins with a biological function) favors metabolic reactions and enables the normal functioning of cell exchange in a living organism.