A Greek term derived in Latin paraplexia, and this one in a concept that, in our language , can be written and pronounced in two ways: paraplegia or paraplegia . The notion is used to name what a person suffers when the lower region from his body it's found paralyzed for some kind of damage.
Bliss paralysis It can be caused by inherited or acquired disease, a spinal cord injury or a tumor. For example: "The singer suffers from paraplegia since he crashed with his plane", “Having paraplegia does not prevent the development of sports activities”, “The man hit by the drunk driver was paraplegic”.
Paraplegia can be caused by a trauma . A bullet, a traffic accident or a fall from a considerable height are situations that can damage the cord, either by compressing or sectioning it. The marrow problem can also be caused by the growth of a tumor Compress it.
People who suffer from multiple sclerosis or of transverse myelitis They can also be paraplegic. Because of this state, individuals experience great problems to move around (they usually have to resort to a wheelchair) and may suffer intestinal disorders, incontinence and impotence.
Paraplegia, on the other hand, can cause side effects in the Health , such as pneumonia or thrombosis. This is due to the inability to move normally, which atrophies the body. To minimize the possibility of these effects appearing, the physiotherapy It is a good alternative.
The pornographic editor Larry Flint and the musician Herbert Vianna They are two personalities who suffer from paraplegia. Many paraplegic athletes, on the other hand, are famous for their achievements in the Paralympic Games.
Hereditary spastic paraplegia
Hereditary spastic paraplegia is called a set of degenerative genetic disorders that affect the spinal cord. It is characterized by causing a large rigidity and excessive muscle tone in the legs, as well as overloading your muscles.
To diagnose hereditary spastic paraplegia, it is first necessary to carefully examine family and personal history, in addition to performing a complete physical exam and assessing any findings that may be related to symptom generally associated with these diseases: reduced vibratory sensation of the feet; difficulties in performing the dorsal flexion of the foot (rotation of the foot that brings the fingers closer to the shin); feeling of weakness; spasticity (spasms that manifest muscular hypertonia) and stiffness in the legs; Difficulties walking and moving the hip.
In addition to these procedures, it is also possible to carry out complementary tests, such as DNA analysis, for which an extraction of blood . It is worth mentioning that the latter practice is not widespread, since certain genetic mutations make it difficult to detect the disease in some families. There are diseases with similar symptoms, and therefore the most recommended path includes several complementary tests to be able to define the picture accurately and begin to act properly.
With respect to treatment of hereditary spastic paraplegia, medicine usually relies mainly on physiotherapy, always maintaining frequent control of symptoms . Unfortunately, there is no way to stop or alter the modification of these disorders; However, treatment with baclofen, a medicine that relaxes skeletal muscles, usually gives very good results against spasticity.
Other drugs used in these cases are: diazepam, one of the best known types of benzodiazepine (a psychotropic medication); the dantrolene (collaborates with the relaxation of the muscles); the carrotlex (acts against muscle spasms). It should be noted that people with difficulty controlling the bladder Urinary patients suffer from spasticity in this organ, and to avoid this complication doctors usually administer oxybutinin (a muscle relaxant).