Parkinson it's a fairly common last name in countries English speaking. In any case, it is usually associated specifically with James Parkinson , a British doctor born in 1755 and died in 1824 .
This expert in medicine it was he who discovered and first described the agitating paralysis . This disease, over the decades, became known as Parkinson's disease or Parkinson disease .
The disorder is usually mentioned simply as Parkinson . In our language it can be written as Parkinson , in lowercase and with tilde in the TO , as accepted by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ).
The Parkinson, in short, is a neurological disorder which usually affects elderly . People with Parkinson's experience a rhythmic tremor on their limbs, they suffer muscle stiffness and weakness and they cannot perform voluntary movements with the usual speed and agility.
With the passage of weather , Parkinson's effects intensify. This is because the pigmented neurons of the black substance are progressively destroyed.
In addition to the motor consequences, the disease It also has other manifestations. Parkinson can generate cognitive problems , depression , sleep disorders and damage to the sense of smell .
Importantly, the diagnosis of Parkinson's is clinical: there are no biological markers that can be detected through laboratory studies or other analyzes. As for his treatment , aims to extend the functionality of the individual as much as possible.
The supply of drugs to face the deficit of dopamine and other shortcomings; magnetic and electrical stimulation of the brain; the implantation of a device to send electrical impulses to brain points; and physical exercises and of language They can be part of Parkinson's therapy.